Effects of tumor mutation burden on the antigen presentation pathway

Posted in bioRxiv

Apr 14 2021

Abstract: Tumor mutation burden (TMB) is used to select patients to receive immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) but has mixed predictive capabilities. We hypothesized that inactivation of antigen presenting genes (APGs) that result from increased TMBs would result in inherent resistance to ICIs. We observed that somatic mutations in APGs were associated with increasing TMBs across 9,418 tumors of 33 different types. In adenocarcinomas of the lung, ITGAX and CD1B were some of the most commonly mutated APGs. In 62 patients with non-small cell lung cancers treated with a PD-1 inhibitor in second or later lines of therapy, there was an association of increased TMB with mutations in APGs; however, mutations in one or more APGs were associated with improved progression-free survival. Contrary to our hypothesis, mutations in APGs were associated with improved progression-free survival with nivolumab, possibly due to the involvement of single alleles rather than complete loss.

 

Authors:

Enrique M. Garcia-Rivera, Jiho Park, Aakash Desai, Romain Boidot, Sandy Chevrier, Caroline Truntzer, Francois Ghiringhelli, Mitesh Borad, Aaron S. Mansfield 

 

nference, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Mayo Clinic, Division of Medical Oncology, Rochester, MN, USA
Mayo Clinic, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Scottsdale, AZ, USA
Mayo Clinic, Co-Directors of Precision Cancer Therapeutics within the Center of Individualized Medicine, USA
Georges-Francois LeClerc Cancer Center, Unit of Molecular Biology, Dijon, France
Genetic and Immunology Medical Institute, Dijon, France
University of Burgundy Franche-Comte, France
 

Correspondence: Aaron Mansfield (mansfield.aaron@mayo.edu)

Affiliations:

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Copyright 
The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted bioRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.